Turkey in brief

Turkey in brief

This parliamentary Republic lies on the boundary between two Old World continents: Europe and Asia. The historic strait of Bosphorus divides the two land masses. Turkey has been a crossroads in the full sense of the word throughout history. Today, it is a thriving economy in development with almost 80 million residents.

Turkey is rich with historic monuments, from the ancient ruins of the Greek civilization in the west of the country to Christian monasteries in the east. Even though Turkey is an Islamic country, it is secularized and democratic. The most famous city is Istanbul, formerly known as Tsarigrad and Constantinople. The capital of the country is Ankara, and other major towns include Izmir, Konya, and Burs.

Tourism has exploded in Turkey in the past decade, and the coastline is full of resorts and hotels. People from many countries come every year to enjoy the weather, the culture, the food and so many other sites in Turkey.

Official Name: The Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti)

Founder: Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRK (1881-1938)

Capital: Ankara

Population: 67.8 million (as of 2000)

Language: Turkish (uses Latin Alphabet)

Location: Eastern Mediterranean . Located on two contitents Europe and Asia . The European part of Turkey is called Thrace , while the Asian part is called Anatolia or ( Asia Minor )

Area: 814 578 Km2 (314 500 square miles) on the European continent and on the Asian continent

Religion: 99 percent of the population is Muslim. Turkey is a secular state that assures complete freedom of worship to non-Muslims.


Marmara, Aegean, and Mediterranean coasts: These coasts have a typical Mediterranean climate with hot summers and mild winters. The swimming season becomes shorter the further north one goes: Marmara and North Aegean – June to September; South Aegean and Mediterranean – April to October.

Black Sea Coast: Warm summers, mild winters, and relatively high rainfall.
Central Anatolia: Steppe climate with hot, dry summers; cold winters.
Eastern Anatolia: Long snowy cold winters with mild summers.
Southeast Anatolia: Hot summer with mild, rainy winters.


a) Marmara, Aegean, and Mediterranean coasts: Light, cotton summer clothing and cardigans for evening.

b) Black Sea, Central and Eastern Anatolia: Summer wear, warmer clothing should be taken for cool evenings at high altitudes.

c) Comfortable shoes are necessary for visiting archeological and historical sites.

d) Sun hats and sunglasses are advisable in the summer.

e) Headscarves should be brought by women for visiting mosques.

Visit Mediterranean Turkey

Visit Mediterranean Turkey

As one of the leading destinations in the world Turkey will amaze you with its remarkable scenery and prosperous history. There are numerous things to do and see. It is popular as a holiday destination with its beautiful coastlines. And it is all spiced up with great food, events, cultural festivals and spectacular symbols. There are always great deals for accommodation in this beautiful country where you will think only of happiness, satisfaction, and fun.

Turquoise coast

It should be the first place to consider when coming on holiday in Turkey. This  Mediterranean shore is made of 1600km of best sand beaches with picturesque ruins of old cities. Along most of the shore, you will find a fantastic formation of Taurus Mountains dropping in some places right into the sea. Fine sand, jade sea in front of you and green hills backed by mountainous platforms behind you will leave you breathless. Stretching from Antalya to Marmaris peninsula coast is filled with outnumbering holiday resorts, old cities and beaches to enjoy. And it is connected perfectly with a coastal road which will make your traveling much easier.

Best spots

Sometimes it can be really hard to choose where will you go and what will you visit in this area. Diversity is limitless, and every area deserves equal attention and time because of its’ character and attractions.

In the summer, if you are an active tourist you should come to Fun Fethiye because it will provide you best service for canoeing and paragliding including the amazing geographic landscape of limestone and mountain ranges. If somebody finds himself more extreme in adventure than Charming Kas will fulfill his wishes with the best offer of canyoning, rock climbing, and paragliding around magnificent cliffs. Sunbathing lovers should for sure visit Iztuzu Beach with kilometers of shallow water and golden sand.

Shopping enthusiasts must certainly go to upmarket Kalkan where they can find the best offer of souvenirs, local handcrafts, food and textile products. Mandatory spot for fans of history and archeological sites is called Side situated on a peninsula. It is overflown with greatest archeological sites, and on the other side, there are many modern and luxurious resorts and hotels. Antalya center will provide you most remarkable and harmonic scenery combined with nature, ancient runs and history.